Community water supplies meet stricter standards than the FDA regulations for bottled water. The U.S. has the safest water supply in the world. Many water bottle chemicals, such as Bisphenol acetate (BPA), and others, leach out. Use filtered water instead of BPA bottles. Modern refrigerators have water dispensers with built in replaceable filters.

Skip the plastic K‐Cups. Replace paper coffee filters with stainless steel mesh. The coffee has more body, although there can be (avoidable) dregs at the bottom. Compost the grounds.  For carry‐out, state “No utensils, please.” Pass on the plastic straws. Take only the napkins that will be used.  (Keep the extras in the glove compartment). Carry a glass-lined re-usable thermos mug to decrease plastic exposure. Keep a collapsible cup in your travel bag for hotel use. For frequent travelers, this can save 100s of plastic cups.

For home offices, those who print infrequently can save lots of $$ on plastic ink  cartridges that quickly dry out. Download documents onto a flash drive and print cheaply at the library, UPS store (more $$), or the  like. Buy ink pens with metal replacement cartridges and quality ink flow-- instead of a 36‐pack of plastic BICS that promptly run out of ink.  Use both sides of paper, crossing out the first  page. Use electronic documents, not FAXes. See "Organizing Mail" for other hints.

For the bathroom: Choose razors that use replacement cartridges, not short‐lived, high-percentage-plastic  disposables. Two billion single-use shavers are discarded in the US each year. Or use an electric shaver. Completely use up personal products, before opening new ones. Don't overbuy them. Avoid plastic pump-action bottles of hand soap. Many are antibacterial and contain triclosan, a chemical that several medical associations recommend avoiding.


 Jungle Care


There are a few simple actions for individuals to reduce plastic use that go beyond recycling.  

A big bang for the buck is the reusable grocery bag which can save 1000s of plastic ones. They are sturdy, carry more groceries, have strong handles making them easy to carry (long for over the shoulder), and they don't tear. Cotton canvas bags are eco‐friendly and hold up for many years. Plastic‐mix bags are weaker, with short life expectancy and the plastic disposal problem. Paper bags are no solution; they use 9X the energy to produce as plastic, and create manufacturing pollution. But they can be taken and re-used at the store. Store re-usables in the car trunk and train yourself to take them inside the store. If you forget, go back for them. You’ll learn.